Wearing dental enamel can cause severe damage to the functionality of the tooth and its aesthetics, which is why many people opt for a smile makeover in Tijuana. Because we know that a beautiful denture speaks well of the person and besides that, it dramatically improves self-esteem and appearance.
Although the wear of the dental enamel was more associated with aging, it is now common to see it in young people; this can be due to many factors: food, hygiene, among others.
Dental erosion is due to a loss in the dental structure caused by different acids found in food, drinks, drugs and in the acid of the stomach itself; so if this condition is not treated, it can cause the fall of teeth in most cases or the reduction of strength and hardness of teeth. These wears can be generated mechanically as it is in the case of bruxism, by the introduction of particular objects in the oral cavity, or by some substance.
Two factors can aggravate wear: chemical and biological.
Chemical factors refer to those foods and drinks that cause tooth erosion, which can also cause a change in oral pH. The abrasiveness of these products depends a lot on the temperature at which they are consumed, the adhesion and the handling of this. The amount of calcium, fluorine, and phosphate also plays a role in the erosion process, increasing the loss of minerals in the tooth structure.
Acids such as citric acid can increase the corrosion process, affecting the calcium deposited in the tooth enamel.
In terms of biological factors, problems with the position of the teeth, some degeneration in the tissues or periodontal disease can significantly affect the state of the teeth. It has been observed that those people who present a decrease in salivary flow are more prone to show erosion in the teeth since the saliva serves as a protector for them since the layer that is acquired from the saliva prevents acids and other agents from having direct contact with the tooth.
Teeth that do not have as much contact with saliva or with the tongue tend to present more significant problems of erosion since there is not something that protects them as much as those that are constantly in contact with these two elements.
Of course, these biological factors depend a lot on the individual.
Dental erosion can be diagnosed by analyzing the health of the oral cavity and the person’s medical history. The dentist may ask about the patient’s habits to identify what may be causing the wear.
The patient must change and improve their eating habits; if there is a disease, it must be treated correctly; methods must be implemented to increase the production of saliva and have hygiene according to the needs of the teeth. The set of these techniques will allow us to avoid periodontal diseases.